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Scavenger receptor-recognized and enzyme-responsive nanoprobe for fluorescent labeling of lysosomes in live cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5871 444 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Scavenger receptor-recognized and enzyme-responsive nanoprobe for fluorescent labeling of lysosomes in live cells
Abstract

Lysosomal imaging represents a potent tool for investigating the organization of related cellular events and their modulation via diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. However, specific labeling of the lysosome in live cells is a significant challenge. Taking advantage of the inherent lysosomal entry of nanoparticles and unique digestive inclusions in the lysosome, we developed a nanoparticle-based, enzyme-switchable fluorescence OFF-ON strategy for specific labeling of the lysosome and further imaging of extracellular acidification-induced lysosome trafficking in living cells. The nanoprobe comprised a 16 nm spherical gold nanoparticle as the core and an enzyme-responsive oligomer of fluorescein-conjugated oligo(4-vinyl-phenyl phosphate) as the shell. Due to quenching of the core gold nanoparticle, the nanoprobe was non-fluorescent. After incubation with cancer cells, the nanoprobe was rapidly internalized via scavenger receptor-mediated endocytosis and significantly shuffled into the lysosome. The nanoprobe specifically lighted up the lysosome owing to lysosome-induced fluorescence enhancement. Specifically, digestive inclusions in the lysosome hydrolyzed and released gold-quenched fluorescein molecules, leading to significant augmentation of fluorescence. On account of specific lysosomal labeling, the nanoprobe effectively facilitated imaging of a 4–6 μm anterograde trafficking event of the lysosome from the perinuclear region to the cell surface when an acidic extracellular environment developed. Our findings collectively highlight the use of nanoprobes for lysosomal imaging.

Keywords
Gold; Nanoparticle; Enzyme; Lysosome; Imaging; Extracellular pH
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Scavenger receptor-recognized and enzyme-responsive nanoprobe for fluorescent labeling of lysosomes in live cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 27, September 2014, Pages 7870–7880
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us