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There is no such thing as a biocompatible material

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5913 447 2014 6 PDF Available
Title
There is no such thing as a biocompatible material
Abstract

This Leading Opinion Paper discusses a very important matter concerning the use of a single word in biomaterials science. This might be considered as being solely concerned with semantics, but it has implications for the scientific rationale for biomaterials selection and the understanding of their performance. That word is the adjective ‘biocompatible’, which is often used to characterize a material property. It is argued here that biocompatibility is a perfectly acceptable term, but that it subsumes a variety of mechanisms of interaction between biomaterials and tissues or tissue components and can only be considered in the context of the characteristics of both the material and the biological host within which it placed. De facto it is a property of a system and not of a material. It follows that there can be no such thing as a biocompatible material. It is further argued that in those situations where it is considered important, or necessary, to use a descriptor of biocompatibility, as in a scientific paper, a regulatory submission or in a legal argument, the phrase ‘intrinsically biocompatible system’ would be the most appropriate. The rationale for this linguistic restraint is that far too often it has been assumed that some materials are ‘universally biocompatible’ on the basis of acceptable clinical performance in one situation, only for entirely unacceptable performance to ensue in quite different clinical circumstances.

Keywords
Biocompatibility; Host response; Pathways; Immunity; Inflammation; Toxicity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 38, December 2014, Pages 10009–10014
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us