Hyaluronic acid-chitosan nanoparticles for co-delivery of MiR-34a and doxorubicin in therapy against triple negative breast cancer
Metastatic relapse, development of drug resistance in cancer cells and adverse side effects of chemotherapeutic agents are the major obstacles for effective chemotherapy against triple-negative breast cancer. To address these problems, miR-34a, a potent endogenous tumor suppressive molecule in breast cancer, was co-encapsulated with doxorubicin (DOX) into hyaluronic acid (HA)-chitosan (CS) nanoparticles (NPs) and simultaneously delivered into breast cancer cells for improved therapeutic effects of drug. DOX-miR-34a co-loaded HA-CS NPs were successfully prepared through ionotropic gelation method in water. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that miR-34a and DOX can be efficiently encapsulated into HA-CS NPs and delivered into tumor cells or tumor tissues and enhance anti-tumor effects of DOX by suppressing the expression of non-pump resistance and anti-apoptosis proto-oncogene Bcl-2. In addition, intracellular restoration of miR-34a inhibited breast cancer cell migration via targeting Notch-1 signaling. The obtained data suggest that co-delivery of DOX and miR-34a could achieve synergistic effects on tumor suppression and nanosystem-based co-delivery of tumor suppressive miRNAs and chemotherapeutic agents may be a promising combined therapeutic strategy for enhanced anti-tumor therapy.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 14, May 2014, Pages 4333–4344