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The effect of dose on rhBMP-2 signaling, delivered via collagen sponge, on osteoclast activation and in vivo bone resorption

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5997 453 2014 13 PDF Available
Title
The effect of dose on rhBMP-2 signaling, delivered via collagen sponge, on osteoclast activation and in vivo bone resorption
Abstract

While recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP)-2-based bone therapy presents potential osteoinductivity, it also leads concern due to transient osteoclast activation during early healing periods, ultimately limiting its clinical use. Therefore, we investigated in vivo and in vitro rhBMP-2 signaling which mediates early bone resorbing effect, depending on the dose, and attempted to inhibit this resorption phenomenon using NFAT inhibitor as a target molecule. High-dose of rhBMP-2 (20 μg/defect) enhanced osteoclast activation and the expression of bone resorption markers, compared to low dose (5 μg/defect) at one week after surgery in collagen sponge-delivered rat calvarial defect models. Interestingly, this trend was also observed in the expression of bone formation markers. In particular, rhBMP-2 upregulated RANKL expression, while it downregulated osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression, resulting in a dose-dependent increase in the ratio of RANKL to OPG. NFAT inhibitor (150 μm) treatment in vivo suppressed the high-dose effect of rhBMP-2 on both resorption and formation. In vitro results of rhBMP-2 signaling and NFAT inhibitor effects in rat mesenchymal stem cells showed similar trends as in vivo results. Microcomputer tomography-based evaluation at 4 weeks showed that combined treatment of NFAT inhibitor with 20 μg rhBMP-2 in vivo increased bone volume (BV) more than 20 μg rhBMP-2 alone, which showed little difference in BV compared to 5 μg of rhBMP-2. These results demonstrated that rhBMP-2 implantation concurrently signalized into enhanced osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis in vivo, dose-dependently. Ratio of RANKL/OPG might be an index for early bone resorbing activity of implanted rhBMP-2. A local cocktail treatment of NFAT inhibitor and high-dose rhBMP-2 might be an alternative to overcome early bone resorbing effects, thereby accelerating bone formation.

Keywords
rhBMP-2; High-dose; Osteoclast activation; RANKL; NFATc1; Bone formation
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The effect of dose on rhBMP-2 signaling, delivered via collagen sponge, on osteoclast activation and in vivo bone resorption
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 6, February 2014, Pages 1869–1881
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us