The mechanism for keratinocyte detaching from pH-responsive chitosan
In this study, we compared the detachment ratio of HaCaT and Hs68 cells from pH-responsive chitosan surface by raising medium pH from 7.20 to 7.65 for 60 min. The detachment ratio of elongated Hs68 cells was over 75%, but that of round-shaped HaCaT cells was less than 50%, even extending the incubation time to 6 h or enhancing the cytoskeletal contractile force with the Rho activator CN01. However, the addition of 2 mm of EDTA into the medium at pH 7.65 could effectively detach HaCaT cells (detachment ratio > 90%), indicating that the calcium ion played an important role in the detachment process. Therefore, the family of Ca+2-dependent integrin receptors was examined by RT-PCR, real-time PCR and immunocytochemistry. It was found the expression of integrin β4 (ITGb4) was HaCaT cell-specific and the mRNA level of ITGb4 in undetached HaCaT cells was significantly higher than that in detached ones. By modulating ITGb4 activity with specific functional blocking antibody ASC-8, the detachment ratio of HaCaT cells could be increased to be greater than 85%. Conversely, the addition of the ligand of ITGb4 laminin into the culture system decreased the medium pH-induced detachment ratio for HaCaT cells, but not for Hs68 cells. Further addition of ASC-8 could rescue the effect of laminin on preventing the detachment of HaCaT cells from pH-sensitive chitosan surface. Therefore, this study demonstrated the interaction of ITGb4 and laminin played an important role in controlling the detachment of HaCaT cells on pH-responsive chitosan.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 34, November 2014, Pages 9247–9254