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Multifunctional liposomes loaded with paclitaxel and artemether for treatment of invasive brain glioma

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6077 457 2014 14 PDF Available
Title
Multifunctional liposomes loaded with paclitaxel and artemether for treatment of invasive brain glioma
Abstract

Invasive brain glioma is the most lethal type of cancer and is highly infiltrating. This leads to an extremely poor prognosis and makes complete surgical removal of the tumor virtually impossible. Non-penetration of therapeutic drugs across the blood–brain barrier (BBB), brain cancer stem cells (CSCs), and brain cancer vasculogenic mimicry (VM) results in relapse after surgical and radio therapy. We developed a functional targeting chemotherapy for transporting drugs across the BBB, destroying VM channels, and eliminating CSCs and cancer cells in the brain. The studies were undertaken on brain glioma cells in vitro and in brain glioma-bearing rats. Using paclitaxel as the anticancer drug and artemether as the regulator of apoptosis and inhibitor of VM channels, a kind of functional targeting paclitaxel plus artemether liposomes was developed by modifying two new functional materials: a mannose-vitamin E derivative conjugate (MAN-TPGS1000) and a dequalinium-lipid derivative conjugate (DQA-PEG2000-DSPE). The transport mechanism across the BBB was associated with receptor-mediated endocytosis by MAN-TPGS1000 conjugate via glucose transporters and adsorptive-mediated endocytosis by DQA-PEG2000-DSPE conjugate via electric charge-based interactions. The efficacy was related to the destruction of VM channels by regulating VM indicators, as well as the induction of apoptosis in brain cancer cells and CSCs by activating apoptotic enzymes and pro-apoptotic proteins and inhibiting anti-apoptotic proteins. These data suggest that the chemotherapy using functional targeting paclitaxel plus artemether liposomes could provide a new strategy for treating invasive brain glioma.

Keywords
Functional targeting liposomes; Brain glioma; Cancer stem cells; VM channels; Anticancer efficacy
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Multifunctional liposomes loaded with paclitaxel and artemether for treatment of invasive brain glioma
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 21, July 2014, Pages 5591–5604
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us