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A biocleavable pullulan-based vector via ATRP for liver cell-targeting gene delivery

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6097 460 2014 12 PDF Available
Title
A biocleavable pullulan-based vector via ATRP for liver cell-targeting gene delivery
Abstract

Pullulan due to its specificity for liver has been widely exploited for biomedical applications. In this work, a tailor-made biocleavable pullulan-based gene vector (PuPGEA) with good hemocompatibility was successfully proposed via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) for efficient liver cell-targeting gene delivery. A two-step method involving the reaction of hydroxyl groups of pullulan with cystamine was developed to introduce reduction-sensitive disulfide-linked initiation sites of ATRP onto pullulan. The poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) side chains prepared subsequently via ATRP were functionalized with ethanolamine (EA) to produce the resultant biocleavable comb-shaped PuPGEA vectors consisting of nonionic pullulan backbones and disulfide-linked cationic EA-functionalized PGMA (PGEA) side chains with plentiful secondary amine and nonionic hydroxyl units. The cationic PGEA side chains can be readily cleavable from the pullulan backbones of PuPGEA under reducible conditions. Due to the liver targeting performance of pullulan backbones, such PuPGEA vectors exhibited much higher gene transfection efficiency and cellular uptake rates in HepG2 cell lines than in Hella cell lines. In addition, in vitro transfection efficiency and uptake mechanism of polyplex in HepG2 cells were evaluated in the presence of different endocytosis inhibitors, indicating that the asialoglycoprotein receptor was involved in transfection process of hepatocytes. More importantly, in comparison with gold standard polyethylenimine (PEI, ∼25 kDa), PuPGEA vectors possessed excellent hemocompatibility without causing undesirable hemolysis. Properly grafting short bioreducible PGEA polycation side chains from a liver cell-targeting pullulan backbone is an effective means to produce new hemocompatible polysaccharide-based gene delivery vectors.

Keywords
Gene delivery; Bioreducible vector; PGEA; Pullulan; Hemocompatibility
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A biocleavable pullulan-based vector via ATRP for liver cell-targeting gene delivery
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 12, April 2014, Pages 3873–3884
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us