Osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells and calvarial defect repair using baculovirus-mediated co-expression of BMP-2 and miR-148b
Repair of large calvarial bony defect remains a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. Since microRNAs (miRNAs) modulate the osteogenesis of osteoprogenitor cells, we aimed to engineer human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs), a promising cell source for bone engineering, with miRNA-expressing baculovirus vectors. We constructed 4 baculoviruses each expressing 1 human miRNA (miR-26a, miR-29b, miR-148b, miR-196a) and verified that the miRNA-expressing baculovirus vectors augmented hASCs osteogenesis. Among these 4 miRNAs, miR-148b and miR-196a exerted more potent osteoinductive effects than miR-26a and miR-29b. Furthermore, we unveiled that co-transduction of hASCs with miR-148b-expressing and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)-expressing baculovirus vectors enhanced and prolonged BMP-2 expression, and synergistically promoted the in vitro osteogenic differentiation of hASCs. Implantation of the hASCs co-expressing BMP-2/miR-148b into critical-size (4 mm in diameter) calvarial bone defects in nude mice accelerated and potentiated the bone healing and remodeling, filling ≈94% of defect area and ≈89% of defect volume with native calvaria-like flat bone in 12 weeks, as judged from micro computed tomography, histology and immunohistochemical staining. Altogether, this study confirmed the feasibility of combining miRNA and growth factor expression for synergistic stimulation of in vitro osteogenesis and in vivo calvarial bone healing.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 18, June 2014, Pages 4901–4910