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Experimental characterisation for micromechanical modelling of CoCr stent fatigue

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6194 468 2014 13 PDF Available
Title
Experimental characterisation for micromechanical modelling of CoCr stent fatigue
Abstract

Fatigue of CoCr alloy stents has become a major concern in recent times, owing to cases of premature fracture, often driven by microstructural phenomena. This work presents the development of a micromechanical framework for fatigue design, based on experimental characterisation of a biomedical grade CoCr alloy, including both microscopy and mechanical testing. Fatigue indicator parameters (FIPs) within the micromechanical framework are calibrated for the prediction of microstructure-sensitive fatigue crack initiation (FCI). A multi-scale CoCr stent model is developed, including a 3D global J2 continuum stent-artery model and a 2D micromechanical sub-model. Several microstructure realizations for the stent sub-model allow assessment of the effect of crystallographic orientations on stent fatigue crack initiation predictions. Predictions of FCI are compared with traditional Basquin-Goodman total life predictions, revealing more realistic scatter of data for the microstructure-based FIP approach. Comparison of stent predictions with performance of a 316L stent for the same generic design exposes the design as over-conservative for the CoCr alloy. In response, the micromechanical framework is used to modify the stent design for the CoCr alloy, improving design efficiency.

Keywords
Fatigue; Cobalt alloy; Stent; Microstructure; Modelling
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Experimental characterisation for micromechanical modelling of CoCr stent fatigue
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 36–48
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us