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Aligned neurite outgrowth and directed cell migration in self-assembled monodomain gels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6208 468 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Aligned neurite outgrowth and directed cell migration in self-assembled monodomain gels
Abstract

Regeneration of neural tissues will require regrowth of axons lost due to trauma or degeneration to reestablish neuronal connectivity. One approach toward this goal is to provide directional cues to neurons that can promote and guide neurite growth. Our laboratory previously reported the formation of aligned monodomain gels of peptide amphiphile (PA) nanofibers over macroscopic length scales. In this work, we modified these aligned scaffolds specifically to support neural cell growth and function. This was achieved by displaying extracellular matrix (ECM) derived bioactive peptide epitopes on the surface of aligned nanofibers of the monodomain gel. Presentation of IKVAV or RGDS epitopes enhanced the growth of neurites from neurons encapsulated in the scaffold, while the alignment guided these neurites along the direction of the nanofibers. After two weeks of culture in the scaffold, neurons displayed spontaneous electrical activity and established synaptic connections. Scaffolds encapsulating neural progenitor cells were formed in situ within the spinal cord and resulted in the growth of oriented processes in vivo. Moreover, dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells demonstrated extensive migration inside the scaffold, with the direction of their movement guided by fiber orientation. The bioactive and macroscopically aligned scaffold investigated here and similar variants can potentially be tailored for use in neural tissue regeneration.

Keywords
Self assembly; Peptide amphiphile; Neurite growth; Anisotropic gel; Alignment
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Aligned neurite outgrowth and directed cell migration in self-assembled monodomain gels
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 185–195
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us