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Enhancement of bone regeneration by dual release of a macrophage recruitment agent and platelet-rich plasma from gelatin hydrogels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6211 468 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Enhancement of bone regeneration by dual release of a macrophage recruitment agent and platelet-rich plasma from gelatin hydrogels
Abstract

Macrophages play an important role in regulating inflammatory responses and tissue regeneration. In the present study, their effect on bone remodeling is investigated by the simultaneous application of a macrophage recruiting agent, SEW2871 of a sphingosine-1 phosphate agonist, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The non-water soluble SEW2871 was solubilized in water through micelles formation with l-lactic acid grafted gelatin, and the resulting micelles with PRP were incorporated into gelatin hydrogels. Mixed SEW2871-micelles and PRP were released from gelatin hydrogels in a controlled fashion both in vitro and in vivo. In vitro migration assay revealed that the presence of PRP synergistically promoted SEW2871-induced macrophages migration. When applied to a bone defect of rats, the hydrogels incorporating mixed SEW2871-micelles and PRP recruited a higher number of macrophages than those hydrogels incorporating either SEW2871-micelles or PRP. The hydrogels incorporating mixed SEW2871-micelles and PRP enhanced the level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α of pro-inflammatory cytokine, 3 days after application, while pro-inflammatory responses coupled with a significant increase in the expression level of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and interleukin (IL)-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 of anti-inflammatory cytokine were observed 10 days postoperatively. The hydrogels incorporating mixed SEW2871-micelles and PRP promoted bone regeneration to a significant great extent compared with those incorporating PBS and either SEW2871-micelles or PRP. It is concluded that macrophages recruitment contributed to PRP-induced bone regeneration.

Keywords
Macrophages; Gelatin hydrogel; Controlled release; S1P1 agonist (SEW2871); Platelet rich plasma (PRP); Bone regeneration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 214–224
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us