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Sustained inhibition of neovascularization in vldlr−/− mice following intravitreal injection of cerium oxide nanoparticles and the role of the ASK1-P38/JNK-NF-κB pathway

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6214 468 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Sustained inhibition of neovascularization in vldlr−/− mice following intravitreal injection of cerium oxide nanoparticles and the role of the ASK1-P38/JNK-NF-κB pathway
Abstract

Cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria) are direct antioxidants; they inhibit pathological neovascularization following a single intravitreal injection into new born very low density lipoprotein receptor knockout (vldlr−/−) mice. However, the long-term therapeutic effects and mechanisms of nanoceria action on regression of the existing pathologic neovascularization in the eyes are unknown. We intravitreally injected P28 vldlr−/− mice and extended the endpoint for analysis until P70. The data demonstrate that nanoceria sustained their therapeutic function up to 6 weeks. Multiple parameters for nanoceria effects were examined including: regression of existing abnormal blood vessels, reduction of vascular leakage, down-regulation of the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), acrolein, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and caspase 3 as well as up-regulation of the expression of rod- and cone-opsin genes. Regulation of ASK1-P38/JNK–NF–κB signaling pathway by nanoceria was investigated. Our data demonstrated that a single intravitreal injection of nanoceria in P28 vldlr−/− mice produced sustained regression of existing oxidative stress-induced neovascularizations, prevented blood vessel leakage and inhibited apoptosis via down-regulation of the ASK1-P38/JNK-NF-κB signaling pathway.

Keywords
Nanoceria; vldlr−/− mouse; Neovascularization; Retinal degeneration; Signal transduction
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Sustained inhibition of neovascularization in vldlr−/− mice following intravitreal injection of cerium oxide nanoparticles and the role of the ASK1-P38/JNK-NF-κB pathway
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 249–258
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us