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Crystallization of bioinspired citrate-functionalized nanoapatite with tailored carbonate content

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
622 52 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Crystallization of bioinspired citrate-functionalized nanoapatite with tailored carbonate content
Abstract

Novel citrate-functionalized carbonate–apatite nanoparticles with mean lengths ranging from 20 to 100 nm were synthesized by a thermal-decomplexing batch method. Needle-like and plate-shaped morphologies were obtained in the absence and presence of sodium carbonate in the precipitation medium, respectively. The precipitation time and the presence of sodium carbonate strongly affect the chemical composition as well as the dimensions and the crystallinity of nanoparticles. At a short precipitation time, poorly crystalline apatites of 100 nm mean length with a low degree of carbonation (1.5% w/w, mainly in B-position) and a high citrate content (5.9% w/w) were precipitated. This citrate content is close to that recently measured in bone apatite. When increasing the precipitation time up to 96 h the mean length and the citrate content progressively decrease and at the same time the nanoparticles become more crystalline. They are composed of a well-ordered carbonate-substituted apatitic core embedded in a non-apatitic hydrated layer containing citrate ions. This layer progressively transforms into a more stable apatite domain upon maturation in aqueous media. The nanoparticles displayed excellent compatibility properties in cell biological systems, since they were not cytotoxic to a mouse carcinoma cell line when added to a final concentration of 100 μg ml−1. This work provides new insights into the role of citrate on the crystallization of nanoapatites. Moreover, the synthesized nanoparticles are promising materials for use as nanocarriers for local targeted drug delivery systems as well as building blocks for the preparation of nanostructured scaffolds for cells in bone tissue engineering.

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Keywords
Calcium phosphates; Hydroxyapatite; Carbonate; Nanocrystals; Citrate
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Crystallization of bioinspired citrate-functionalized nanoapatite with tailored carbonate content
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 9, September 2012, Pages 3491–3499
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us