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Bone regeneration in a canine cranial model using allogeneic adipose derived stem cells and coral scaffold

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6288 476 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
Bone regeneration in a canine cranial model using allogeneic adipose derived stem cells and coral scaffold
Abstract

Adipose tissue derived stem cells (ASCs) based therapies for the repair and regeneration of various tissues have been widely investigated recently because of their multilineage potential and self-renewal capability. Our previous study demonstrated that autologous ASCs loaded onto natural coral scaffolds could repair cranial critical-sized defects (CSDs) in a canine model. The objective of this study was to determine whether the use of allogeneic ASCs could heal the same defect without the use of immunosuppressive therapy. The pedigree mismatch, mixed lymphocyte reaction assays (MLRs) and allogeneic skin graft experiments were performed to confirm unrelated ASC donors and recipients. A total of 12 adult Beagle dogs were enrolled in this study and divided into two groups. Bilateral cranial CSDs were created in each animal. The right-side defect was treated with allogeneic ASCs delivered onto a coral scaffold, and the left defect was either filled with an autologous ASC/coral composite (Group 1, n = 5) or with one coral scaffold alone (Group 2, n = 5). The systematic immune response and bone healing were evaluated postoperatively. The results showed that allogeneic ASC transplantation did not induce a systemic immune response by the hosts, and allogeneic ASCs could repair the cranial CSDs in an analogous way to that of the autologous cells. Moreover, both the green fluorescently labeled allogeneic and autologous ASCs were detected within the lacunae of newly formed bone in the defect site at 24 weeks, illustrating that the grafted ASCs contributed directly to bone regeneration in vivo. Thus, we concluded that allogeneic ASCs have the capacity to regenerate bone within craniofacial defects, providing an alternative source of seed cells for bone tissue engineering.

Keywords
Adipose derived stem cells; Allogeneic; Cranial bone regeneration; Canine model; Coral
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Bone regeneration in a canine cranial model using allogeneic adipose derived stem cells and coral scaffold
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 34, Issue 11, April 2013, Pages 2655–2664
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us