Polybutylcyanoacrylate nanoparticle-mediated neurotrophin-3 gene delivery for differentiating iPS cells into neurons
Guided neuronal differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) with genetic regulation is an important issue in biomedical research and in clinical practice for nervous regeneration and repair. To enhance the intracellular delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA), polybutylcyanoacrylate (PBCA) nanoparticles (NPs) were employed to mediate the transport of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) into iPSCs. The ability of iPSCs to differentiate into neuronal lineages was shown by immunofluorescent staining, western blotting, and flow cytometry. By transmission electron microscopy, we found that PBCA NPs could efficiently grasp pDNA, thereby increasing the particle size and conferring a negative surface charge. In addition, the treatments with PBCA NP/NT-3 complexes enhanced the expression of NT-3, TrkC, NH–H, NSE, and PSD95 by differentiating iPSCs. Neurons produced from iPSCs were incapable of returning to pluripotency, demonstrating with a series of differentiation scheme for adipogenesis and osteogenesis. The pretreatment with PBCA NP/NT-3 complexes can be one of critical biotechnologies and effective delivery systems in gene transfection to accelerate the differentiation of iPSCs into neurons.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 34, Issue 22, July 2013, Pages 5562–5570