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N-acetyl cysteine as an osteogenesis-enhancing molecule for bone regeneration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6399 489 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
N-acetyl cysteine as an osteogenesis-enhancing molecule for bone regeneration
Abstract

Bone regeneration often requires cues from osteogenesis-inducing factors for successful outcome. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), an anti-oxidant small molecule, possibly modulates osteoblastic differentiation. This study investigated the potential of NAC as an osteogenesis-enhancing molecule in vitro and in vivo. Various concentrations of NAC (0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10 mm) were added to rat bone marrow stromal cell or osteoblastic cell culture in media with or without dexamethasone. The results showed marked enhancement of alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralized matrix formation together with consistent upregulation of bone-related gene markers such as collagen I, osteopontin, and osteocalcin in the osteoblastic culture with addition of 2.5 or 5.0 mm NAC regardless of the presence of dexamethasone. Micro-CT-based analysis and histological observation revealed that addition of NAC to a collagenous sponge implanted in a critical size cortical bone defect (3.0 mm × 5.0 mm) in rat femur yielded acceleration and completion of defect closure, with thick, compact, and contiguous bone after 6 weeks of healing. In contrast, with sponge alone, only sparse and incomplete bone regeneration was observed during the matching healing period. These results indicate that NAC can function as an osteogenesis-enhancing molecule to accelerate bone regeneration by activating differentiation of osteogenic lineages.

Keywords
Anti-oxidant; Chemical biology; Growth factor; Multi-function; Osteostimulation
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N-acetyl cysteine as an osteogenesis-enhancing molecule for bone regeneration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 34, Issue 26, August 2013, Pages 6147–6156
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us