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Nanoparticle-mediated drug delivery to tumor neovasculature to combat P-gp expressing multidrug resistant cancer

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6401 489 2013 12 PDF Available
Title
Nanoparticle-mediated drug delivery to tumor neovasculature to combat P-gp expressing multidrug resistant cancer
Abstract

Anticancer drug resistance is a common intractable obstacle in clinical cancer chemotherapy. Here, we hypothesize that antiangiogenic cancer therapy through the targeted delivery of antiangiogenic agents to the tumor endothelial cells (EC), not the resistant cancer cells, may have the potential of combating multidrug resistant cancer. The K237 peptide-conjugated paclitaxel loaded nanoparticles (K237-PTX-NP), which can target KDR receptors highly expressed in the tumor vasculature, were fabricated for this investigation and the human colorectal adenocarcinoma HCT-15 with naturally expressed P-gp on the cell surface was adopted as the resistant tumor model. The human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC, a classical cell model mimicking tumor EC) were much more sensitive, in the cytotoxicity and apoptosis test, to K237-PTX-NP than Taxol and non-targeted PTX-NP. The enhanced antiangiogenic feature of K237-PTX-NP can be ascribed to the active internalization mediated by the interaction of K237 and KDR specifically highly expressed on the HUVEC, and the significantly extended intracellular drug retention. The tumor vessel targeting of K237-PTX-NP led to increased nanoparticle accumulation in HCT-15 tumors, and more importantly, induced significant apoptosis of tumor vascular EC and necrosis of tumor tissues. Low dose paclitaxel formulated in K237-PTX-NP (1 mg/kg) achieved significant anticancer efficacy of inhibiting the growth of HCT-15 tumors, but the same efficacy could be only obtained with 8 fold dose paclitaxel (8 mg/kg) in Taxol plus XR9576, a potent P-gp inhibitor. The anticancer efficacy of K237-PTX-NP was well related with the improved antiangiogenic effect shown in the dramatically decreased intratumoral microvessel density and pronouncedly increased apoptotic tumor cells, and such approach did not lead to obvious toxicity in the mice. These results suggest that the nanoparticles targeting drug to tumor neovasculature may be a promising strategy for the treatment of multidrug resistant cancer.

Keywords
Nanoparticles; Drug delivery; Tumor neovasculature; Paclitaxel; Multidrug resistance
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 34, Issue 26, August 2013, Pages 6163–6174
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us