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Calvarial defect healing by recruitment of autogenous osteogenic stem cells using locally applied simvastatin

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6447 491 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
Calvarial defect healing by recruitment of autogenous osteogenic stem cells using locally applied simvastatin
Abstract

Local statins implant has been shown to promote bone healing, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of local simvastatin implant on bone defect healing; to evaluate the mobilization, migration, and homing of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) induced by simvastatin. We found that local simvastatin implant increased bone formation by 51.8% (week 6) and 64.8% (week 12) compared with polyglycolic acid controls (P < 0.01), as verified by X-ray, CT, and histology. Simvastatin increased migration capacity of BMSCs and EPCs in vitro (P < 0.05). Local simvastatin implant increased mobilization of EPCs to the peripheral blood by 127% revealed by FACS analysis (P < 0.01), and increased osteogenic BMSCs to the peripheral blood dramatically revealed by Alizarin Red-S staining for mineralized nodules formation. Pre-transplanted GFP-transfected BMSCs as a tracing cell and bioluminescence imaging revealed that local simvastatin implant recruited GFP-labeled BMSC. Also, local simvastatin implant induced the HIF-1α and BMP-2 expression. In conclusion, local simvastatin implantation promotes bone defect healing, where the underlying mechanism appears to involve the higher expression of HIF-1α and BMP-2, thus recruit autogenous osteogenic and angiogenetic stem cells to the bone defect area implanted with simvastatin.

Keywords
Simvastatin; Bone healing; Mesenchymal stem cell; Endothelial progenitor cells; BMP-2; HIF-1α
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Calvarial defect healing by recruitment of autogenous osteogenic stem cells using locally applied simvastatin
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 34, Issue 37, December 2013, Pages 9373–9380
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us