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Combining self-assembling peptide gels with three-dimensional elastomer scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
648 53 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
Combining self-assembling peptide gels with three-dimensional elastomer scaffolds
Abstract

Some of the problems raised by the combination of porous scaffolds and self-assembling peptide (SAP) gels as constructs for tissue engineering applications are addressed for the first time. Scaffolds of poly(ethyl acrylate) and the SAP gel RAD16-I were employed. The in situ gelation of the SAP gel inside the pores of the scaffolds was studied. The scaffold-cum-gel constructs were characterized morphologically, physicochemically and mechanically. The possibility of incorporating an active molecule (bovine serum albumin, taken here as a model molecule for others) in the gel within the scaffold’s pores was assessed, and the kinetics of its release in phosphate-buffered saline was followed. Cell seeding and colonization of these constructs were preliminarily studied with L929 fibroblasts and subsequently checked with sheep adipose-tissue-derived stem cells intended for further preclinical studies. Static (conventional) and dynamically assisted seedings were compared for bare scaffolds and the scaffold-cum-gel constructs. The SAP gel inside the pores of the scaffold significantly improved the uniformity and density of cell colonization of the three-dimensional (3-D) structure. These constructs could be of use in different advanced tissue engineering applications, where, apart from a cell-friendly extracellular matrix -like aqueous environment, a larger-scale 3-D structure able to keep the cells in a specific place, give mechanical support and/or conduct spatially the tissue growth could be required.

Graphical abstract(a) SEM image of a PEA scaffold with spherical interconnected pores. (b) CryoSEM cross section image of a PEA scaffold loaded with 0.15% (w/v) SAP solution and gelled with PBS. (c) CLSM image of fibroblasts seeded dynamically in PEA scaffolds with the SAP gel in their pores, cultured for 7 days. DAPI stain for nuclei (blue) and phalloidin stain for actin (green). Image corresponds to a 100 μm thick internal slice.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (146 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Scaffold; Poly(ethyl acrylate); Self-assembling peptide gel; Controlled release; Cell seeding
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Combining self-assembling peptide gels with three-dimensional elastomer scaffolds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 9, Issue 12, December 2013, Pages 9451–9460
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us