Multilayered coating on titanium for controlled release of antimicrobial peptides for the prevention of implant-associated infections
Prevention of bacterial colonization and formation of a bacterial biofilm on implant surfaces has been a challenge in orthopaedic surgery. The treatment of implant-associated infections with conventional antibiotics has become more complicated by the emergence of multi-drug resistant bacteria. Antimicrobial eluting coatings on implants is one of the most promising strategies that have been attempted. This study reports a controlled release of an antimicrobial peptide (AMP) from titanium surface through a non-cytotoxic multilayered coating. Three layers of vertically oriented TiO2 nanotubes, a thin layer of calcium phosphate coating and a phospholipid (POPC) film were impregnated with a potent broad-spectrum AMP (HHC-36). The coating with controlled and sustained release of AMP was highly effective against both Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria. No cytotoxicity to osteoblast-like cells (MG-63) was observed. Moderate platelet activation and adhesion on the implant surface with no observable activation in solution, and very low red blood cell lysis was observed on the implant. This multi-layer assembly can be a potential approach to locally deliver AMPs to prevent peri-implant infection in orthopaedics without being toxic to host cells.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 34, Issue 24, August 2013, Pages 5969–5977