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Size-dependent radiosensitization of PEG-coated gold nanoparticles for cancer radiation therapy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6567 501 2012 12 PDF Available
Title
Size-dependent radiosensitization of PEG-coated gold nanoparticles for cancer radiation therapy
Abstract

Gold nanoparticles have been conceived as a radiosensitizer in cancer radiation therapy, but one of the important questions for primary drug screening is what size of gold nanoparticles can optimally enhance radiation effects. Herein, we perform in vitro and in vivo radiosensitization studies of 4.8, 12.1, 27.3, and 46.6 nm PEG-coated gold nanoparticles. In vitro results show that all sizes of the PEG-coated gold nanoparticles can cause a significant decrease in cancer cell survival after gamma radiation. 12.1 and 27.3 nm PEG-coated gold nanoparticles have dispersive distributions in the cells and stronger sensitization effects than 4.8 and 46.6 nm particles by both cell apoptosis and necrosis. Further, in vivo results also show all sizes of the PEG-coated gold nanoparticles can significantly decrease tumor volume and weight after 5 Gy radiations, and 12.1 and 27.3 nm PEG-coated gold nanoparticles have greater sensitization effects than 4.8 and 46.6 nm particles, which can lead to almost complete disappearance of the tumor. In vivo biodistribution confirms that 12.1 and 27.3 nm PEG-coated gold nanoparticles are accumulated in the tumor with high concentrations. The pathology, immune response, and blood biochemistry indicate that the PEG-coated gold nanoparticles have not caused spleen and kidney damages, but give rise to liver damage and gold accumulation. It can be concluded that 12.1 and 27.3 nm PEG-coated gold nanoparticles show high radiosensitivity, and these results have an important indication for possible radiotherapy and drug delivery.

Keywords
Size-dependent effects; Gold nanoparticles; Radiotherapy; Cancer
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Size-dependent radiosensitization of PEG-coated gold nanoparticles for cancer radiation therapy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 27, September 2012, Pages 6408–6419
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us