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An aligned 3D neuronal-glial co-culture model for peripheral nerve studies

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6616 506 2012 13 PDF Available
Title
An aligned 3D neuronal-glial co-culture model for peripheral nerve studies
Abstract

In this study we report on the development of a 3D in vitro peripheral nerve model using aligned electrospun polycaprolactone fibre scaffolds manufactured under tightly controlled and reproducible conditions with uniform diameters of 1 μm, 5 μm and 8 μm. Fibres were characterized by SEM for diameter, density and alignment properties and formed in to scaffolds for 3D in vitro culture. Three different approaches were adopted using: i) neuronal or primary Schwann cell cultures alone; ii) neuronal and primary Schwann cells in co-culture and iii) isolated dorsal root ganglion cultures, containing both neuronal and Schwann cells, with immunohistochemical and 3D confocal microscopy analysis. Neurite guidance was evident on all fibres diameters with the longest neurites detected on 8 μm fibres when cultured alone. However, co-culture with primary Schwann cells was found to enable neurite formation on all scaffolds. Dorsal root ganglion explants when grown on scaffolds showed both organised aligned neurite guidance and notably the co-localization of Schwann cells with neurites. Neurite lengths of up to 2.50 mm were routinely observed using 1 μm diameter fibres after 10 days and all cultures demonstrated a migrating Schwann cell ‘front’ of up to 2.70 mm (1 μm diameter fibres). Thus, a direct relationship was found between fibre diameter, neurite outgrowth and Schwann cell morphology. This work therefore supports the use of aligned electrospun PCL microfibres for the development of 3D peripheral nerve models in vitro. We envisage such models having future value in a number of areas including developmental biology, disease studies and the design of devices and scaffolds for peripheral nerve repair.

Keywords
in vitro test; Neural cell; Nerve regeneration; Polycaprolactone; Schwann cell
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An aligned 3D neuronal-glial co-culture model for peripheral nerve studies
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 25, September 2012, Pages 5901–5913
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us