fulltext.study @t Gmail

Fabrication of a model continuously graded co-electrospun mesh for regeneration of the ligament–bone interface

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
669 57 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Fabrication of a model continuously graded co-electrospun mesh for regeneration of the ligament–bone interface
Abstract

Current scaffolds for the regeneration of anterior cruciate ligament injuries are unable to capture intricate mechanical and chemical gradients present in the natural ligament–bone interface. As a result, stress concentrations can develop at the scaffold–bone interface, leading to poor osseointegration. Hence, scaffolds that possess appropriate mechano-chemical gradients would help establish normal loading properties at the interface, while promoting scaffold integration with bone. With the long-term goal of investigating regeneration of the ligament–bone interface, this feasibility study aimed to fabricate a continuously graded mesh. Specifically, graded meshes were fabricated by co-electrospinning nanohydroxyapatite/polycaprolactone (nHAP-PCL) and poly(ester urethane) urea elastomer solutions from offset spinnerets. Next, mineral crystallites were selectively deposited on the nHAP-PCL fibers by treatment with a 5× simulated body fluid (5× SBF). X-ray diffraction and energy-dispersive spectroscopy indicated calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite-like mineral crystallites with an average Ca/P ratio of 1.48. Tensile testing demonstrated the presence of a mechanical gradient, which became more pronounced upon treatment with 5× SBF. Finally, biocompatibility of the graded meshes was verified using an MC3T3-E1 osteoprogenitor cell line. The study demonstrates that graded meshes, for potential application in interfacial tissue engineering, can be fabricated by co-electrospinning.

Keywords
Ligament–bone interface; Graded mesh; Electrospinning; Simulated body fluid; Mineralization
First Page Preview
Fabrication of a model continuously graded co-electrospun mesh for regeneration of the ligament–bone interface
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 12, December 2011, Pages 4131–4138
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us