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Osteogenesis and angiogenesis induced by porous β-CaSiO3/PDLGA composite scaffold via activation of AMPK/ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt pathways

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6737 514 2013 14 PDF Available
Title
Osteogenesis and angiogenesis induced by porous β-CaSiO3/PDLGA composite scaffold via activation of AMPK/ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt pathways
Abstract

As a potential bioactive material, β-calcium silicate (β-CS) has attracted particular attention in the field of bone regeneration. In this study, porous β-CS/Poly-d,l-Lactide-Glycolide (PDLGA) composite scaffolds were developed with the goals of controlling the degradation rate and improving the mechanical and biological properties. The compressive strength and toughness were significantly enhanced by PDLGA modification of porous β-CS ceramic scaffolds. The effects of the ionic extract from β-CS/PDLGA composite scaffolds on osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs), proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the related mechanisms were investigated. It was shown that bioactive ions from β-CS/PDLGA scaffolds could enhance cell viability, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium mineral deposition, and mRNA expression levels of osteoblast-related genes of rBMSCs without addition of extra osteogenic reagents. The activation in AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), extracellular signal-related kinases (ERK) 1/2 and RUNX-2 were observed in rBMSCs cultured in the extract of β-CS/PDLGA, and these effects could be blocked by AMPK inhibitor Compound C. The extracts of β-CS/PDLGA composites stimulated HUVECs proliferation that was associated with phosphorylation of protein kinase B (Akt) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) as well as an increase in nitric oxide (NO) production and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The inductions were abolished by the addition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002. The composite scaffolds were implanted in critical sized rabbit femur defects (6 × 10 mm) for 4, 12 and 20 weeks with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) as controls. Sequential histological evaluations and radiographs revealed that β-CS/PDLGA dramatically stimulated new bone formation and angiogenesis. The biodegradation rate of the β-CS/PDLGA scaffolds was lower than that of β-TCP at each time point examined, and matched the new bone formation rates. These data suggest that β-CS/PDLGA could promote bone regeneration in vivo, which might be ascribed to the enhanced osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and increased angiogenic activity of endothelial cells (ECs).

Keywords
β-CS/PDLGA; Osteogenesis; Angiogenesis; AMPK/ERK1/2; PI3K/Akt
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Osteogenesis and angiogenesis induced by porous β-CaSiO3/PDLGA composite scaffold via activation of AMPK/ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt pathways
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 34, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 64–77
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us