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In search of representative models of human bone-forming cells for cytocompatibility studies

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
678 57 2011 12 PDF Available
Title
In search of representative models of human bone-forming cells for cytocompatibility studies
Abstract

Osteosarcoma-derived cells have been routinely used for studying osteoblastic functions, but it remains unclear to what extent they mimic the behavior of primary osteoblasts in the study of cells and materials interactions. This study reports comparatively on the responses of three human osteosarcoma cell lines, MG-63, Saos-2 and U-2 OS, and human primary osteoblasts cultured on Ti6Al4V surfaces or exposed to Ti particles. Phenotypic characterization of the cell lines revealed that Saos-2 cells and primary osteoblasts displayed similar expression patterns of Cbfa1, SP7 and osteocalcin. Unlike primary cells, the cell lines expressed markers of undifferentiated cells, had high proliferative rates and poor fibronectin matrix assembly. None of the three cell lines faithfully reproduced the adhesive behavior of primary osteoblasts when cultured on Ti6Al4V surfaces or exposed to Ti particles. Differences in cell growth between the cell lines and primary osteoblasts cultured on Ti6Al4V surfaces were also observed. Ti particles inhibited the growth of Saos-2 cells and primary osteoblasts to a similar extent, while no such effect was observed in U-2 OS and MG-63 cells. Saos-2 cells reproduced the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity profile of primary osteoblasts cultured on metallic surfaces or exposed to particles. Altogether, these results show that none of the osteoblast-like cells studied perfectly mimic the behavior of human osteoblast cells (hOB) on Ti6Al4V surfaces or exposed to Ti particles. Saos-2 cells reproduce some of the hOB responses such as the profile of enzymatic ALP activity when cultured on the surfaces or treated with particles as well as cell growth inhibition when exposed to Ti particles. Although in vitro cytocompatibility studies involve the evaluation of multiple parameters, Saos-2 cells may be used as representative of human osteoblasts when these standard tests are evaluated.

Keywords
Osteosarcoma cell lines; Osteoblasts; Biocompatibility; Metallic surfaces; Wear particles
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In search of representative models of human bone-forming cells for cytocompatibility studies
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 12, December 2011, Pages 4210–4221
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us