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Surface conjugation of triphenylphosphonium to target poly(amidoamine) dendrimers to mitochondria

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6813 517 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Surface conjugation of triphenylphosphonium to target poly(amidoamine) dendrimers to mitochondria
Abstract

Dendrimers have emerged as promising carriers for the delivery of a wide variety of pay-loads including therapeutic drugs, imaging agents and nucleic acid materials into biological systems. The current work aimed to develop a novel mitochondria-targeted generation 5 poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer (G(5)-D). To achieve this goal, a known mitochondriotropic ligand triphenylphosphonium (TPP) was conjugated on the surface of the dendrimer. A fraction of the cationic surface charge of G(5)-D was neutralized by partial acetylation of the primary amine groups. Next, the mitochondria-targeted dendrimer was synthesized via the acid-amine-coupling conjugation reaction between the acid group of (3-carboxypropyl)triphenyl-phosphonium bromide and the primary amines of the acetylated dendrimer (G(5)-D-Ac). These dendrimers were fluorescently labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) to quantify cell association by flow cytometry and for visualization under confocal laser scanning microscopy to assess the mitochondrial targeting in vitro. The newly developed TPP-anchored dendrimer (G(5)-D-Ac-TPP) was efficiently taken up by the cells and demonstrated good mitochondrial targeting. In vitro cytotoxicity experiments carried out on normal mouse fibroblast cells (NIH-3T3) had greater cell viability in the presence of the G(5)-D-Ac-TPP compared to the parent unmodified G(5)-D. This mitochondria-targeted dendrimer-based nanocarrier could be useful for imaging as well as for selective delivery of bio-actives to the mitochondria for the treatment of diseases associated with mitochondrial dysfunction.

Keywords
Dendrimer; TPP; Conjugation; Mitochondrial targeting; Cytotoxicity
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Surface conjugation of triphenylphosphonium to target poly(amidoamine) dendrimers to mitochondria
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 18, June 2012, Pages 4773–4782
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us