fulltext.study @t Gmail

Modulation of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis in a tunable hyaluronic acid hydrogel microenvironment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6867 523 2012 11 PDF Available
Title
Modulation of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis in a tunable hyaluronic acid hydrogel microenvironment
Abstract

An injectable and biodegradable hydrogel system comprising hyaluronic acid-tyramine (HA-Tyr) conjugates can safely undergo covalent cross-linking in vivo by the addition of small amounts of peroxidase and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), with the independent tuning of the gelation rate and degree of cross-linking. Such hydrogel networks with tunable mechanical and degradation properties may provide the additional level of control needed to enhance chondrogenesis and overall cartilage tissue formation in vitro and in vivo. In this study, HA-Tyr hydrogels were explored as biomimetic matrices for caprine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in cartilage tissue engineering. The compressive modulus, equilibrium swelling and degradation rate could be controlled by varying the concentration of H2O2 as the oxidant in the oxidative coupling reaction. Cellular condensation reflected by the increase in effective number density of rounded cells in lacunae was greater in softer hydrogel matrices with lower cross-linking that displayed enhanced scaffold contracture. Conversely, within higher cross-linked matrices, cells adopted a more elongated morphology, with a reduced degree of cellular condensation. Furthermore, the degree of hydrogel cross-linking also modulated matrix biosynthesis and cartilage tissue histogenesis. Lower cross-linked matrix enhanced chondrogenesis with increases in the percentage of cells with chondrocytic morphology; biosynthetic rates of glycosaminoglycan and type II collagen; and hyaline cartilage tissue formation. With increasing cross-linking degree and matrix stiffness, a shift in MSC differentiation toward fibrous phenotypes with the formation of fibrocartilage and fibrous tissues was observed. These findings suggest that the tunable three-dimensional microenvironment of the HA-Tyr hydrogels modulates cellular condensation during chondrogenesis and has a dramatic impact on spatial organization of cells, matrix biosynthesis, and overall cartilage tissue histogenesis.

Keywords
Hydrogel; Hyaluronic acid; Chondrogenesis; Mesenchymal stem cells; Cartilage; Tissue engineering
First Page Preview
Modulation of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis in a tunable hyaluronic acid hydrogel microenvironment
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 15, May 2012, Pages 3835–3845
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us