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The in vitro preconditioning of myoblasts to enhance subsequent survival in an in vivo tissue engineering chamber model

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6871 523 2012 12 PDF Available
Title
The in vitro preconditioning of myoblasts to enhance subsequent survival in an in vivo tissue engineering chamber model
Abstract

The effects of in vitro preconditioning protocols on the ultimate survival of myoblasts implanted in an in vivo tissue engineering chamber were examined. In vitro testing: L6 myoblasts were preconditioned by heat (42 °C; 1.5 h); hypoxia (<8% O2; 1.5 h); or nitric oxide donors: S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP, 200 μM, 1.5 h) or 1-[N-(2-aminoethyl)-N-(2-aminoethyl)amino]-diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (DETA-NONOate, 500 μM, 7 h). Following a rest phase preconditioned cells were exposed to 24 h hypoxia, and demonstrated minimal overall cell loss, whilst controls (not preconditioned, but exposed to 24 h hypoxia) demonstrated a 44% cell loss. Phosphoimmunoblot analysis of pro-survival signaling pathways revealed significant activation of serine threonine kinase Akt with DETA-NONOate (p < 0.01) and heat preconditioning (p < 0.05). DETA-NONOate also activated ERK 1/2 signaling (p < 0.05). In vivo implantation: 100,000 preconditioned (heat, hypoxia, or DETA-NONOate) myoblasts were implanted in SCID mouse tissue engineering chambers. 100,000 (not preconditioned) myoblasts were implanted in control chambers. At 3 weeks, morphometric assessment of surviving myoblasts indicated myoblast percent volume (p = 0.012) and myoblasts/mm2 (p = 0.0005) overall significantly increased in preconditioned myoblast chambers compared to control, with DETA-NONOate-preconditioned myoblasts demonstrating the greatest increase in survival (p = 0.007 and p = 0.001 respectively). DETA-NONOate therefore has potential therapeutic benefits to significantly improve survival of transplanted cells.

Keywords
Cell preconditioning; In vitro test of cell survival; Implantation in an in vivo tissue engineering chamber; Morphometric assessment of cell survival
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 15, May 2012, Pages 3868–3879
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us