fulltext.study @t Gmail

Material properties of mouse cervical tissue in normal gestation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
69 5 2016 15 PDF Available
Title
Material properties of mouse cervical tissue in normal gestation
Abstract

An appropriately timed cervical remodeling process is critical for a healthy delivery, yet little is known about the material property changes of the cervix in pregnancy because obtaining human tissue samples is difficult. Rodent models offer advantages including accurately timed pregnant tissues and genetically altered models. Determining the material properties of the mouse cervix, however, is challenging because of its small size and complex geometry. The aim of this study is to quantify cervical material property changes in a normal mouse pregnancy using a microstructurally-inspired porous fiber composite model. We mechanically test intact, whole, gestation-timed mouse cervix by pulling apart tensioned sutures through its inner canal. To interpret our mechanical testing results, we conduct an inverse finite element analysis, taking into account the combined loading state of the thick-walled cylindrical tissue. We fit the material model to previous osmotic swelling data and load-deformation data from this study using a nonlinear optimization scheme, and validate the model by predicting a separate set of deformation data. Overall, the proposed porous fiber composite model captures the mechanical behavior of the mouse cervix in large deformation. The evolution of cervical material parameters indicates that in a normal mouse pregnancy, the cervix begins to soften between day 6 and day 12 of a 19-day gestation period. The material parameter associated with the collagen fiber stiffness decreases from 3.4 MPa at gestation day 6 to 9.7e−4 MPa at gestation day 18, while the ground substance stiffness decreases from 2.6e−1 MPa to 7.0e−4 MPa.Statement of SignificanceAccelerated cervical remodeling can lead to extremely premature births. Little is known, however, about the material property changes of the cervix in pregnancy because pregnant human tissue samples are limited. Rodent models overcome this limitation and provide access to gestation-timed samples. Measuring the material property changes of the mouse cervix in pregnancy is challenging due to its small size and complex geometry. Here, we establish a combined experimental and modeling framework. We use this framework to determine the cervical material property changes throughout a normal mouse pregnancy. We present our experimental methods for mechanically testing whole, intact cervical tissue samples. We fit a porous fiber composite material model to the mechanical data and show that the mouse cervix begins to soften between day 6 and day 12 of a 19-day gestation period.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (269 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cervix; Pregnancy; Biomechanics; Constitutive modeling
First Page Preview
Material properties of mouse cervical tissue in normal gestation
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 36, May 2016, Pages 195–209
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us