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The influence of delayed compressive stress on TGF-β1-induced chondrogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs through Smad-dependent and Smad-independent pathways

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6906 524 2012 11 PDF Available
Title
The influence of delayed compressive stress on TGF-β1-induced chondrogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs through Smad-dependent and Smad-independent pathways
Abstract

Mechanical stimuli play important roles in regulating chondrogenic differentiation, but seldom studies have focused on when and how mechanical stimuli should be initiated. We have previously shown that Col2α1 mRNA was increased by delayed dynamic compressive stress initiated at the 8th day of chondrogenic culture. The current work is to further study the possibility of using delayed mechanical stress to relay chondrogenesis initiated by exogenous TGF-β1. Mechanical stimulation was delivered from day 8 to day 14 of chondrogenic culture. It showed that delayed compressive stress not only stimulated gene expression and protein synthesis of chondrocyte-specific markers, but also stimulated the endogenous TGF-β1 gene transcription, protein expression and the subsequent activation even when exogenous TGF-β1 was discontinued. Furthermore, mechanical stress also promoted protein phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of Smad2/3, the TGF-β1 downstream effectors. Inhibition TGF-β with SB431542 significantly affected the stress-induced chondrogenic gene expression. In addition, phosphorylated-p38 and RhoB were upregulated by delayed loading in a TGF-β-related manner. Phosphorylated-ERK1/2 and Wnt7a were also increased, but in a TGF-β-independent way. It indicates that delayed compressive stress can be used as an effective substitute for TGF-β1 supplement in inducing chondrogenic differentiation.

Keywords
Mesenchymal stem cells; Delayed loading; Chondrogenesis; Alginate; Transforming growth factor
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The influence of delayed compressive stress on TGF-β1-induced chondrogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs through Smad-dependent and Smad-independent pathways
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 33, November 2012, Pages 8395–8405
Authors
, , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us