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Paramagnetic dysprosium oxide nanoparticles and dysprosium hydroxide nanorods as T2 MRI contrast agents

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6972 526 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Paramagnetic dysprosium oxide nanoparticles and dysprosium hydroxide nanorods as T2 MRI contrast agents
Abstract

We report here paramagnetic dysprosium nanomaterial-based T2 MRI contrast agents. A large r2 and a negligible r1 is an ideal condition for T2 MR imaging. At this condition, protons are strongly and nearly exclusively induced for T2 MR imaging. The dysprosium nanomaterials fairly satisfy this because they are found to possess a decent r2 but a negligible r1 arising from L + S state 4f-electrons in Dy(III) ion (6H15/2). Their r2 will also further increase with increasing applied field because of unsaturated magnetization at room temperature. Therefore, MR imaging and various physical properties of the synthesized d-glucuronic acid coated ultrasmall dysprosium oxide nanoparticles (davg = 3.2 nm) and dysprosium hydroxide nanorods (20 × 300 nm) are investigated. These include hydrodynamic diameters, magnetic properties, MR relaxivities, cytotoxicities, and 3 tesla in vivo T2 MR images. Here, MR imaging properties of dysprosium hydroxide nanorods have not been reported so far. These two samples show r2s of 65.04 and 181.57 s−1mM−1, respectively, with negligible r1s at 1.5 tesla and at room temperature, no in vitro cytotoxicity up to 100 μM Dy, and clear negative contrast enhancements in 3 tesla in vivo T2 MR images of a mouse liver, which will be even more improved at higher MR fields. Therefore, d-glucuronic acid coated ultrasmall dysprosium oxide nanoparticles with renal excretion can be a potential candidate as a sensitive T2 MRI contrast agent at MR field greater than 3 tesla.

Keywords
Dysprosium; Nanomaterials; Paramagnetic; MRI; Imaging agent
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 11, April 2012, Pages 3254–3261
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us