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Protein expression following non-viral delivery of plasmid DNA coding for basic FGF and BMP-2 in a rat ectopic model

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6982 526 2012 12 PDF Available
Title
Protein expression following non-viral delivery of plasmid DNA coding for basic FGF and BMP-2 in a rat ectopic model
Abstract

Non-viral delivery of genes involved in stimulation of bone formation has been pursued for clinical bone repair, but no effort has been made to assess protein expression levels after in vivo delivery. This is critical to better understand gene delivery efficiencies and to compare different modes of non-viral delivery. This study investigated expression levels of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) after delivering expression vectors (plasmid DNA) with polymeric carriers in a rat subcutaneous implant model. The polymers used were a 2 kDa molecular weight polyethylenimine modified with linoleic acid (PEI-LA) and the 25 kDa PEI (PEI25) used for non-viral gene delivery in animal models. The PEI-LA mediated delivery of the plasmid DNAs in 293T cells led to ∼3.5 and ∼13 ng/106 cells/day secretion of bFGF and BMP-2 in vitro, respectively. Using the reporter protein, Green Fluorescence Protein (GFP), transfection in implants was readily detected by the presence of GFP-positive cells and a polymeric carrier was needed for this GFP expression. No bFGF and BMP-2 were detected in the scaffolds due to high background in detection assays and/or rapid diffusion of the secreted proteins from the implant site. However, using an ex vivo culture system, significant levels of BMP-2, but not bFGF, secretion were observed from the scaffolds. The BMP-2 secretion from PEI-LA delivered expression vector was equivalent and/or superior to PEI25 depending on the plasmid DNA implant dose. Gelatin scaffolds were able to sustain ∼0.3 ng/sponge/day BMP-2 secretion as compared to collagen scaffolds (∼0.1 ng/sponge/day). These values were equivalent to secretion rates reported with some viral delivery systems from independent studies.

Keywords
In vivo gene transfer; Fibroblast growth factor; Bone morphogenetic protein; Recombinant protein; Gelatin; Gene expression
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Protein expression following non-viral delivery of plasmid DNA coding for basic FGF and BMP-2 in a rat ectopic model
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 11, April 2012, Pages 3363–3374
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us