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Cell behavior on a CCN1 functionalized elastin-mimetic protein polymer

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
6986 527 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Cell behavior on a CCN1 functionalized elastin-mimetic protein polymer
Abstract

We report the design of an elastin-mimetic triblock copolymer with the ability to guide endothelial cell adhesion, spreading, and migration while maintaining the elastomeric properties of the protein polymer. The V2 ligand sequence from matricellular protein CCN1 (cysteine-rich 61, CYR61) was multimerized and cloned into elastin polymer LysB10, creating LysB10.V2. Cell adhesion studies demonstrated that a LysB10.V2 surface density of at least 40 pmol/cm2 was required to elicit cell attachment. Peptide blocking studies confirmed V2 specific engagement with integrin receptor αvβ3 (P < 0.05) and we observed the formation of actin stress fiber networks and vinculin clustering, characteristic of focal adhesion assembly. Haptotatic migration assays demonstrated the ability of LysB10.V2 surfaces to stimulate migration of endothelial cells (P < 0.05). Significantly, we illustrated the ability of LysB10.V2 to support a quiescent endothelium. The CCN1 molecule functions to support many key biological processes necessary for tissue repair and thus presents a promising target for bioengineering applications. Collectively, our results demonstrate the potential to harness CCN1 specific function in the design of new scaffold materials for applications in regenerative medicine.

Keywords
Protein polymer; Elastin-mimetic; Extracellular matrix; Matricellular protein; Endothelial cell
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Cell behavior on a CCN1 functionalized elastin-mimetic protein polymer
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 8, March 2012, Pages 2431–2438
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us