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Growth promoting substrates for human dermal fibroblasts provided by artificial extracellular matrices composed of collagen I and sulfated glycosaminoglycans

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7115 535 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Growth promoting substrates for human dermal fibroblasts provided by artificial extracellular matrices composed of collagen I and sulfated glycosaminoglycans
Abstract

The application of native extracellular matrix (ECM) components is a promising approach for biomaterial design. Here, we investigated artificial ECM (aECM) consisting of collagen I (coll) and the glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) hyaluronan (HA) or chondroitin sulfate (CS). Additionally, GAGs were chemically modified by the introduction of sulfate groups to obtain low-sulfated and high-sulfated GAG derivatives. Sulfate groups are expected to bind and concentrate growth factors and improve their bioactivity. In this study we analyzed the effect of aECM on initial adhesion, proliferation, ECM synthesis and differentiation of human dermal fibroblasts (dFb) within 8–48 h. We show that initial adhesion and cell proliferation of dFb progressively increased in a sulfate dependent manner. In contrast, synthesis of ECM components coll and HA was decreased on high-sulfated aECM coll/HA3.0 and coll/CS3.1. Furthermore, the matrix metallo-proteinase-1 (MMP-1) was down-regulated on coll/HA3.0 and coll/CS3.1 on mRNA and protein level. The fibroblast differentiation marker α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) is not affected by aECM on mRNA level. Artificial ECM consisting of coll and high-sulfated GAGs proves to be a suitable biomaterial for dFb adhesion and proliferation that induces a “proliferative phenotype” of dFb found in the early stages of cutaneous wound healing.

Keywords
Wound healing; Collagen I; Sulfated glycosaminoglycan; Hyaluronan; Chondroitin sulfate; Human dermal fibroblastsGAGs, glycosaminoglycan; Coll, collagen I; dFb, dermal fibroblasts; MFb, myofibroblasts; HA, hyaluronan; HA1.0 (3.0)sulfate groups per disaccha
First Page Preview
Growth promoting substrates for human dermal fibroblasts provided by artificial extracellular matrices composed of collagen I and sulfated glycosaminoglycans
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 34, December 2011, Pages 8938–8946
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering