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Size dependent induction of proinflammatory cytokines and cytotoxicity of particulate beta-tricalciumphosphate in vitro

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7138 536 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Size dependent induction of proinflammatory cytokines and cytotoxicity of particulate beta-tricalciumphosphate in vitro
Abstract

Cellular responses to particulate calcium phosphate ceramics can lead to inflammatory reactions under certain conditions that depend on particle composition, size and morphology. In this context, the potential influence of varying sizes of particulate beta-tricalciumphosphate (beta-TCP) on the induction of inflammation and cytotoxicity remains to be determined. The present work investigates the effects of beta-TCP particles of five different sizes (1, 3, 13, 32 and 40 μm) on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro concerning the release of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-8 after six and 18 h of incubation (ELISA) as well as intracellular TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, IL-1alpha, IL-1beta and IL-8 levels within distinct PBMC subpopulations after 12 h (FACS). Potential cytotoxic effects were determined by assaying lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and morphological analyses (electron microscopy). Beta-TCP 1 μm did not induce any cytokine after 6 h but slightly increases TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-8 release after 18 h. Larger particles (32 and 40 μm) consistently caused higher levels of cytokine release by increasing the fraction of cytokine producing monocytes. They also caused higher levels of LDH release as did smaller, phagocytosable particles. These data suggest a less inflammatory and cytotoxic profile of beta-TCP devices with a smaller primary particle size when compared to larger particles.

Keywords
Beta-tricalciumphosphate; Particle size; Human PBMC; Inflammation; Cytotoxicity; Phagocytosis
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Size dependent induction of proinflammatory cytokines and cytotoxicity of particulate beta-tricalciumphosphate in vitro
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 17, June 2011, Pages 4067–4075
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us