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The effect of degradable polymer surfaces on co-cultures of monocytes and smooth muscle cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7214 541 2011 12 PDF Available
Title
The effect of degradable polymer surfaces on co-cultures of monocytes and smooth muscle cells
Abstract

Strategies to optimize biomaterial chemistry for applications in vascular tissue engineering attempt to promote endothelial and smooth muscle cell recruitment into porous material constructs. The primary objective is to facilitate relevant tissue formation in a wound healing versus pro-inflammatory manner. The present work investigated the interactive co-cellular response of human monocytes and human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) with a novel degradable, polar/hydrophobic/ionic (D-PHI) polyurethane and compared it to a commercially available biomaterial, poly-lactic-glycolic acid (PLGA) as well as tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS). D-PHI triggered a smaller pro-inflammatory response (acid phosphatase, esterase, tumor necrosis factor-α) at later time points (>14 d) than PLGA suggesting that monocytes may be transitioning to a more wound-healing phenotype on the D-PHI surface. When D-PHI was coated with collagen, monocyte cell attachment did not differ with the native D-PHI; however, PLGA showed significant differences between collagen coated versus uncoated surfaces. There were more VSMCs and monocytes attached in co-culture to D-PHI when compared to PLGA. Co-cultures on D-PHI released more IL-10 (anti-inflammatory) than monocytes cultured alone, while the VSMCs retained the expression of its marker protein calponin. Together the above data suggest that co-culturing monocytes with VSMCs may aid in stimulating the attachment of VSMCs to D-PHI while eliciting the desired functional phenotypes for both monocytes (i.e. low inflammation based on IL-10 values) and VSMCs (expressing calponin, a marker of contractility). Moreover, the results of this study demonstrated that D-PHI performed equally or better to PLGA in terms of the assayed biological parameters.

Keywords
Monocyte; Vascular smooth muscle cells; Surface chemistry; Polyurethane; Poly-lactic-glycolic acid
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The effect of degradable polymer surfaces on co-cultures of monocytes and smooth muscle cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 14, May 2011, Pages 3584–3595
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us