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Development and evaluation of tetrapod-shaped granular artificial bones

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
723 60 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Development and evaluation of tetrapod-shaped granular artificial bones
Abstract

We have developed a novel form of granular artificial bone “Tetrabones” with a homogeneous tetrapod shape and uniform size. Tetrabones are four armed structures that accumulate to form the intergranular pores that allow invasion of cells and blood vessels. In this study we evaluated the physicochemical characteristics of Tetrabones in vitro, and compared their biological and biomechanical properties in vivo to those of conventional β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) granule artificial bone. Both the rupture strength and elastic modulus of Tetrabone particles were higher than those of β-TCP granules in vitro. The connectivity of intergranular pores 100, 300, and 400 μm in size were higher in Tetrabones than in the β-TCP granules. Tetrabones showed similar osteoconductivity and biomechanical stiffness to β-TCP at 2 months after implantation in an in vivo study of canine bone defects. These results suggest that Tetrabones may be a good bone graft material in bone reconstruction.

Keywords
Bone graft; Calcium phosphate; Intergranular pores; Mechanical properties; Tetrapod
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 6, July 2012, Pages 2340–2347
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us