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Effect of alginate encapsulation on the cellular transcriptome of human islets

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7233 542 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Effect of alginate encapsulation on the cellular transcriptome of human islets
Abstract

Encapsulation of human islets may prevent their immune rejection when transplanted into diabetic recipients. To assist in understanding why clinical outcomes with encapsulated islets were not ideal, we examined the effect of encapsulation on their global gene (mRNA) and selected miRNAs (non-coding (nc)RNA) expression. For functional studies, encapsulated islets were transplanted into peritoneal cavity of diabetic NOD-SCID mice. Genomics analysis and transplantation studies demonstrate that islet origin and isolation centres are a major source of variation in islet quality. In contrast, tissue culture and the encapsulation process had only a minimal effect, and did not affect islet viability. Microarray analysis showed that as few as 29 genes were up-regulated and 2 genes down-regulated (cut-off threshold 0.1) by encapsulation. Ingenuity analysis showed that up-regulated genes were involved mostly in inflammation, especially chemotaxis, and vascularisation. However, protein expression of these factors was not altered by encapsulation, raising doubts about the biosignificance of the gene changes. Encapsulation had no effect on levels of islet miRNAs. In vivo studies indicate differences among the centres in the quality of the islets isolated. We conclude that microencapsulation of human islets with barium alginate has little effect on their transcriptome.

Keywords
Cell encapsulation; Diabetes; Gene expression; Hydrogel; Microencapsulation; Transplantation
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Effect of alginate encapsulation on the cellular transcriptome of human islets
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 33, November 2011, Pages 8416–8425
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us