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The effect of lubrication on the friction and wear of Biolox®delta

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
724 60 2012 12 PDF Available
Title
The effect of lubrication on the friction and wear of Biolox®delta
Abstract

The performance of total hip-joint replacements depends strongly on the state of lubrication in vivo. In order to test candidate prosthetic materials, in vitro wear testing requires a lubricant that behaves in the same manner as synovial fluid. The current study investigated three lubricants and looked in detail at the lubrication conditions and the consequent effect on ball-on-flat reciprocating wear mechanisms of Biolox®delta against alumina. Biolox®delta, the latest commercial material for artificial hip-joint replacements, is an alumina-matrix composite with improved mechanical properties through the addition of zirconia and other mixed oxides. Three commonly used laboratory lubricants, ultra pure water, 25 vol.% new-born calf serum solution and 1 wt.% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium salt (CMC-Na) solution, were used for the investigation. The lubrication regimes were defined by constructing Stribeck curves. Full fluid-film lubrication was observed for the serum solution whereas full fluid-film and mixed lubrications were observed in both water and the CMC-Na solution. The wear rates in the CMC-Na and new-born calf serum were similar, but were an order of magnitude higher in water. The worn surfaces all exhibited pitting, which is consistent with the transition from mild wear to severe or “stripe” wear. The extent of pitting was greatest in the serum solution, but least in the water. On all worn surfaces, the zirconia appeared to have fully transformed from tetragonal to monoclinic symmetry. However, there was no evidence of microcracking associated with the transformed zirconia. Nevertheless, AFM indicated that zirconia was lost preferentially to the alumina grains during sliding. Thus, the current study has shown conclusively that the wear mechanisms for Biolox®delta clearly depend on the lubricant used, even where wear rates were similar.

Keywords
Ceramic hip joints; In vitro testing; Lubrication effects; Wear mechanisms
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 6, July 2012, Pages 2348–2359
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us