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Injectable PLGA porous beads cellularized by hAFSCs for cellular cardiomyoplasty

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7294 544 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Injectable PLGA porous beads cellularized by hAFSCs for cellular cardiomyoplasty
Abstract

Cellular cardiomyoplasty has been limited by poor graft retention after cell transplantation. To ensure good retention of the engrafted cells, a microfluidic device was used to fabricate spherical porous beads of poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) as a platform for cell delivery. The beads thus obtained had a relatively uniform size, a highly porous structure, and a favorably interconnected interior architecture, to facilitate the transportation of oxygen and nutrients. These porous beads were loaded with human amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSCs) to generate cellularized microscaffolds. Live/dead assay demonstrated that most of the cells in the porous constructs were viable. The hAFSCs that were grown in beads formed a complex three-dimensional organization with well-preserved extracellular matrices (ECM) according to their porous structure. Retention of the administered beads was clearly identified at the site of engraftment following an experimentally induced myocardial infarction in a rat model. The results of echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and histological analyses suggest that the transplantation of hAFSC beads into an infarcted heart could effectively maintain its gross morphology, prevent successive ventricular expansion, and thereby improve the post-infarcted cardiac function. Immunofluorescent staining revealed that the microenvironment that was provided by the infarcted myocardium might offer cues for the induction of the engrafted hAFSCs into angiogenic and cardiomyogenic lineages. Our results demonstrate that the cellularized beads with endogenously secreted ECM were of sufficient physical size to be entrapped in the interstitial tissues following transplantation, thereby benefiting the infarcted heart.

Keywords
Microfluidic device; Cellularized bead; Cell delivery; Myocardial infarction; Myocardial tissue engineering
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Injectable PLGA porous beads cellularized by hAFSCs for cellular cardiomyoplasty
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 16, June 2012, Pages 4069–4077
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us