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The effects of the modulation of the fibronectin-binding capacity of fibrin by thrombin on osteoblast differentiation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7296 544 2012 11 PDF Available
Title
The effects of the modulation of the fibronectin-binding capacity of fibrin by thrombin on osteoblast differentiation
Abstract

Fibrin is a natural provisional matrix involved in wound healing and is widely utilized for tissue regeneration. The biological performance of fibrin is largely dependent on its composition and related structures. In this study, we examined the effect of thrombin, which is engaged with fibrin, on osteoblast differentiation and its mode of action. Fibrin matrices were prepared with different concentrations of thrombin, and MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts were cultured on the fibrin matrices. Thrombin-promoted fibrin-enhanced osteoblast differentiation in a dose-dependent manner, as confirmed by the extent of calcium deposition, alkaline phosphatase activity, and the level of Runx2. The synthetic activating peptide of protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1), a prototype receptor of thrombin in osteoblast, did not alter the level of Runx2. Instead, the thrombin that was engaged with fibrin in a dose-dependent manner increased the phosphorylation of integrins β1 and β3. The integrin-blocking peptide RGDS reduced the thrombin-enhanced Runx2 in the cells grown on fibrin, whereas the non-functional peptide RGES did not change the level of Runx2. Furthermore, thrombin dose-dependently increased the fibronectin-binding of fibrin. The thrombin-induced integrin phosphorylation and Runx2 expression were also attenuated through the use of a blocking peptide to inhibit the binding of fibronectin to fibrin. The results in this study provide evidence that thrombin engaged with fibrin accelerates osteoblast differentiation via integrins but not PAR1 by modulating the fibronectin-binding capacity of fibrin.

Keywords
Fibrin; Thrombin; Fibronectin-binding; Integrin; Osteoblast
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The effects of the modulation of the fibronectin-binding capacity of fibrin by thrombin on osteoblast differentiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 16, June 2012, Pages 4089–4099
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us