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Chondrogenic differentiation of rat MSCs on porous scaffolds of silk fibroin/chitosan blends

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7314 548 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Chondrogenic differentiation of rat MSCs on porous scaffolds of silk fibroin/chitosan blends
Abstract

Adult bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells are undifferentiated, multipotential cells and have the potential to differentiate into multiple lineages like bone, cartilage or fat. In this study, polyelectrolyte complex silk fibroin/chitosan blended porous scaffolds were fabricated and examined for its ability to support in vitro chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells. Silk fibroin matrices provide suitable substrate for cell attachment and proliferation while chitosan are promising biomaterial for cartilage repair due to it’s structurally resemblance with glycosaminoglycans. We compared the formation of cartilaginous tissue in the silk fibroin/chitosan blended scaffolds with rat mesenchymal stem cells and cultured in vitro for 3 weeks. Additionally, pure silk fibroin scaffolds of non-mulberry silkworm, Antheraea mylitta and mulberry silkworm, Bombyx mori were also utilized for comparative studies. The constructs were analyzed for cell attachment, proliferation, differentiation, histological and immunohistochemical evaluations. Silk fibroin/chitosan blended scaffolds supported the cell attachment and proliferation as indicated by SEM observation, Confocal microscopy and metabolic activities. Alcian Blue and Safranin O histochemistry and expression of collagen II indicated the maintenance of chondrogenic phenotype in the constructs after 3 weeks of culture. Glycosaminoglycans and collagen accumulated in all the scaffolds and was highest in silk fibroin/chitosan blended scaffolds and pure silk fibroin scaffolds of A. mylitta. Chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs in the silk fibroin/chitosan and pure silk fibroin scaffolds was evident by real-time PCR analysis for cartilage-specific ECM gene markers. The results represent silk fibroin/chitosan blended 3D scaffolds as suitable scaffold for mesenchymal stem cells-based cartilage repair.

Keywords
Silk fibroin; Chitosan; Mesenchymal stem cells; Cartilage; Tissue engineering
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Chondrogenic differentiation of rat MSCs on porous scaffolds of silk fibroin/chitosan blends
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 10, April 2012, Pages 2848–2857
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us