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Endothelialization and patency of RGD-functionalized vascular grafts in a rabbit carotid artery model

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7317 548 2012 12 PDF Available
Title
Endothelialization and patency of RGD-functionalized vascular grafts in a rabbit carotid artery model
Abstract

To address the growing demand of small-diameter vascular grafts for cardiovascular disease, it is necessary to develop substitutes with bio-functionalities, such as anticoagulation, rapid endothelialization, and smooth muscle regeneration. In this study, the small-diameter tubular grafts (2.2 mm) were fabricated by electrospinning of biodegradable polymer polycaprolactone (PCL) followed by functional surface coating with an arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-containing molecule. The healing characteristics of the grafts were evaluated by implanting them in rabbit carotid arteries for 2 and 4 weeks. Results showed that at both time points, all 10 of the RGD-modified PCL grafts (PCL-RGD) were patent, whereas 4 of the 10 non-modified PCL grafts were occluded due to thrombus formation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) data showed abundant platelets adhering on the surface of the midportion of the PCL grafts. In contrast, only few platelets were observed on the PCL-RGD surface, suggesting that RGD modification significantly improved the hemocompatibility of the PCL grafts. Histological analysis demonstrated enhanced cell infiltration and homogeneous distribution within the PCL-RGD grafts in comparison with the PCL grafts. Furthermore, immunofluorescence staining also showed a 3-fold increase of endothelial coverage of the PCL-RGD grafts than that of PCL grafts at those two time points. After 4-week implantation, 65.3 ± 7.6% of the surface area of the PCL-RGD grafts was covered by smooth muscle cell layer, which is almost 23% more than that on the PCL grafts. The present study indicates that RGD-modified PCL grafts exhibit an improved remodeling and integration capability in revascularization.

Keywords
Vascular graft; RGD peptide; Endothelialization; Smooth muscle regeneration; Surface modification
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Endothelialization and patency of RGD-functionalized vascular grafts in a rabbit carotid artery model
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 10, April 2012, Pages 2880–2891
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us