fulltext.study @t Gmail

Large-scale production of murine embryonic stem cell-derived osteoblasts and chondrocytes on microcarriers in serum-free media

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7374 551 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Large-scale production of murine embryonic stem cell-derived osteoblasts and chondrocytes on microcarriers in serum-free media
Abstract

The generation of tissue-engineered constructs from stem cells for the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases may have immense impact in regenerative medicine, but there are difficulties associated with stem cell culture and differentiation, including the use of serum. Here we present serum-free protocols for the successful production of murine embryonic stem cell (mESC) derived osteoblasts and chondrocytes on CultiSpher S macroporous microcarriers in stirred suspension bioreactors. Various inoculum forms and agitation rates were investigated. Produced osteogenic cells were implanted ectopically into SCID mice and orthotopically into a murine burr-hole fracture model. Osterix, osteocalcin and collagen type I were upregulated in osteogenic cultures, while aggrecan and collagen type II were upregulated in chondrogenic cultures. Histological analysis using alizarin red S, von Kossa and alcian blue staining confirmed the presence of osteoblasts and chondrocytes, respectively in cultured microcarriers and excised tissue. Finally, implantation of derived cells into a mouse fracture model revealed cellular integration without any tumor formation. Overall, microcarriers may provide a supportive scaffold for ESC expansion and differentiation in a serum-free bioprocess for in vivo implantation. These findings lay the groundwork for the development of clinical therapies for musculoskeletal injuries and diseases using hESCs and iPS cells.

Keywords
Osteoblasts; Chondrocytes; Stirred suspension bioreactors; Microcarriers; Serum-free cultivation
First Page Preview
Large-scale production of murine embryonic stem cell-derived osteoblasts and chondrocytes on microcarriers in serum-free media
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 26, September 2011, Pages 6006–6016
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us