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Preparation of copper-containing bioactive glass/eggshell membrane nanocomposites for improving angiogenesis, antibacterial activity and wound healing

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
74 5 2016 13 PDF Available
Title
Preparation of copper-containing bioactive glass/eggshell membrane nanocomposites for improving angiogenesis, antibacterial activity and wound healing
Abstract

Effectively stimulating angiogenesis and avoiding wound infection are great challenges in wound care management. Designing new healing dressings with requisite angiogenic capacity and antibacterial performance is of particular significance. In order to achieve this aim, we prepared a copper (Cu)-containing bioactive glass nanocoating (40–50 nm) with uniform nanostructure on natural eggshell membrane (Cu-BG/ESM) by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. The surface physicochemical properties including hydrophilicity and hardness of ESM were significantly improved after depositing Cu-BG nanocoatings. Meanwhile, 5Cu-BG/ESM films containing 5 mol% Cu stimulated proangiogenesis by improving vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α protein secretion as well as angiogenesis-related gene expression (VEGF, HIF-1α, VEGF receptor 2 (KDR) and endothelial nitric oxide (eNos)) of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). When used to treat full-thickness skin defects in mice, 5Cu-BG/ESM films enhanced the healing quality as confirmed by the significantly improved angiogenesis (as indicated by CD31 expression) and formation of continuous and uniform epidermis layer in vivo. Furthermore, 5Cu-BG/ESM films could maintain a sustained release of Cu2+ ions and distinctly inhibited the viability of bacteria (Escherichia coli). The results indicate that Cu2+ ions released from Cu-BG/ESM nanocomposite films play an important role for improving both angiogenesis and antibacterial activity and the prepared nanocomposite films combined Cu-containing BG nanocoatings with ESM are a promising biomaterial for wound healing application.Statement of SignificanceDesigning new healing dressings with requisite angiogenic capacity and antibacterial performance is of particular significance in wound care management. In our study, we successfully prepared copper-containing bioactive glass/eggshell membrane (Cu-BG/ESM) nanocomposites with uniform bioactive glass nanocoatings by using pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technology. Due to the deposited Cu-BG nanocoatings on the surface of ESM, Cu-BG/ESM nanocomposites possessed significantly improved physicochemical and biological properties, including surface hydrophilicity, hardness, antibacterial ability, angiogenesis rate in vitro and wound healing quality in vivo as compared to pure ESM and BG/ESM films. Our study showed that prepared nanocoatings on Cu-BG/ESM nanocomposites offer a beneficial carrier for sustained release of Cu2+ ions which played a key role for improving both angiogenesis and antibacterial activity. The prepared nanocomposites combined Cu-containing BG nanocoatings with ESM are a promising biomaterial for wound healing application.

Graphical abstractCopper-containing bioactive glass/eggshell membrane nanocomposites with uniform BG nanocoatings (thickness: 40 nm) improving antibacterial activity, angiogenic ability of HUVECs in vitro and wound healing quality in vivo.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (294 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Wound healing; Copper-containing bioactive glass; Nanocoating; Angiogenesis; Antibacterial activity
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Preparation of copper-containing bioactive glass/eggshell membrane nanocomposites for improving angiogenesis, antibacterial activity and wound healing
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 36, May 2016, Pages 254–266
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us