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Pluronic–lysozyme conjugates as anti-adhesive and antibacterial bifunctional polymers for surface coating

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7408 551 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Pluronic–lysozyme conjugates as anti-adhesive and antibacterial bifunctional polymers for surface coating
Abstract

This paper describes the preparation and characterization of polymer–protein conjugates composed of a synthetic triblock copolymer with a central polypropylene oxide (PPO) block and two terminal polyethylene oxide (PEO) segments, Pluronic F-127, and the antibacterial enzyme lysozyme attached to the telechelic groups of the PEO chains. Covalent conjugation of lysozyme proceeded via reductive amination of aldehyde functionalized PEO blocks (CHO-Pluronic) and the amine groups of the lysine residues in the protein. SDS-PAGE gel electrophoresis together with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry analysis revealed formation of conjugates of one or two lysozyme molecules per Pluronic polymer chain. The conjugated lysozyme showed antibacterial activity towards Bacillus subtilis. Analysis with a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation revealed that Pluronic–lysozyme conjugates adsorb in a brush conformation on a hydrophobic gold-coated quartz surface. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated surface coverage of 32% by lysozyme when adsorbed from a mixture of unconjugated Pluronic and Pluronic–lysozyme conjugate (ratio 99:1) and of 47% after adsorption of 100% Pluronic–lysozyme conjugates. Thus, bifunctional brushes were created, possessing both anti-adhesive activity due to the polymer brush, combined with the antibacterial activity of lysozyme. The coating having a lower degree of lysozyme coverage proved to be more bactericidal.

Keywords
Block copolymers; Protein–polymer conjugates; Functional coatings; Medical applications
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Pluronic–lysozyme conjugates as anti-adhesive and antibacterial bifunctional polymers for surface coating
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 26, September 2011, Pages 6333–6341
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us