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Tissue response to poly(l-lactic acid)-based blend with phospholipid polymer for biodegradable cardiovascular stents

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7411 552 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Tissue response to poly(l-lactic acid)-based blend with phospholipid polymer for biodegradable cardiovascular stents
Abstract

A temporary cardiovascular stent device by bioabsorbable materials might reduce late stent thrombosis. A water-soluble amphiphilic phospholipid polymer bearing phosphorylcholine groups (PMB30W) was blended with a high-molecular-weight poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) to reduce unfavorable tissue responses at the surface. The PLLA implants and the polymer blend (PLLA/PMB30W) implants were inserted into subcutaneous tissues of rats, the infrarenal aorta of rats, and the internal carotid arteries of rabbits. After 6 months subcutaneous implantation, the PLLA/PMB30W maintained high density of phosphorylcholine groups on the surface without a significant bioabsorption. After intravascular implantation, the cross-sectional areas of polymer tubing with diameters less than 1.6 mm were histomorphometrically measured. Compared to the PLLA tubing, the PLLA/PMB30W tubing significantly reduced the thrombus formation during 30 d of implantation. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured on the PLLA and the PLLA/PMB30W to compare inflammatory reactions. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay quantified substantially decreased proinflammatory cytokines in the case of the PLLA/PMB30W. They were almost the same level as the negative controls. Thus, we conclude that the phosphorylcholine groups could reduce tissue responses significantly both in vivo and in vitro, and the PLLA/PMB30W is a promising material for preparing temporary cardiovascular stent devices.

Keywords
Polymer blend; poly(lactic acid); Phosphorylcholine group; Tissue compatibility; Cardiovascular stent
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Tissue response to poly(l-lactic acid)-based blend with phospholipid polymer for biodegradable cardiovascular stents
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 9, March 2011, Pages 2241–2247
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us