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Polymer-related off-target effects in non-viral siRNA delivery

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7427 552 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Polymer-related off-target effects in non-viral siRNA delivery
Abstract

Since off-target effects in non-viral siRNA delivery are quite common but not well understood, in this study various polymer-related effects observed in transfection studies were described and their mechanisms of toxicity were investigated. A variety of stably luciferase-expressing cell lines was compared concerning polymer-mediated effects after transfection with polyplexes of siRNA and poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) or poly(ethylene glycol)-grafted PEI (PEG-PEI). Cell viability, LDH release, gene expression profiles of apoptosis-related genes and promoter activation were investigated. Interestingly, PEG-PEI, which is generally better tolerated than PEI, was found to activate apoptosis in a cell line- and concentration-dependent manner. While both polymers showed sigmoidal dose-response of cell viability in L929 cells (IC50(PEI) = 6 μg/ml, IC50(PEG-PEI) = 11 μg/ml), H1299/Luc cells exhibited biphasic dose-response for PEG-PEI and stronger apoptosis at 2 μg/ml than at 20 μg/ml PEG-PEI, as shown in TUNEL assays. Gene expression profiling confirmed that H1299/Luc cells underwent apoptosis via thousand-fold activation of TNF receptor-associated factors. Additionally, it was demonstrated that NFkB-mediated CMV promoter activation in stably transfected cells can lead to increased target gene levels after transfection instead of siRNA-mediated knockdown. With these results, polymeric vectors were shown not to be inert substances. Therefore, alterations in gene expression caused by the delivery agent must be known to correctly interpret gene-silencing experiments, to understand the mechanisms of off-target effects, and most of all to further develop vectors with reduced side effects. Taking these observations into account, one established cell line was eventually identified to be suitable for RNAi experiments. As shown by these experiments, materials that have been used for many years can elicit unexpected off-target effects. Therefore, non-viral vectors must be screened for several levels of toxicity to make them promising candidates.

Keywords
siRNA; Off-target effects; Polymers; Non-viral delivery; Polymer genomics
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Polymer-related off-target effects in non-viral siRNA delivery
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 9, March 2011, Pages 2388–2398
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us