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Engineering chemoattractant gradients using chemokine-releasing polysaccharide microspheres

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7561 556 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Engineering chemoattractant gradients using chemokine-releasing polysaccharide microspheres
Abstract

Spatial and temporal concentration gradients of chemoattractants direct many biological processes, especially the guidance of immune cells to tissue sites during homeostasis and responses to infection. Such gradients are ultimately generated by secretion of attractant proteins from single cells or collections of cells. Here we describe cell-sized chemoattractant-releasing polysaccharide microspheres, capable of mimicking chemokine secretion by host cells and generating sustained bioactive chemokine gradients in their local microenvironment. Exploiting the common characteristic of net cationic charge and reversible glycosaminoglycan binding exhibited by many chemokines, we synthesized alginate hydrogel microspheres that could be loaded with several different chemokines (including CCL21, CCL19, CXCL12, and CXCL10) by electrostatic adsorption. These polysaccharide microspheres subsequently released the attractants over periods ranging from a few hours to at least 1 day when placed in serum-containing medium or collagen gels. The generated gradients were able to attract cells more than hundreds of microns away to make contact with individual microspheres. This versatile system for chemoattractant delivery could find applications in immunotherapy, vaccines and fundamental chemotaxis studies in vivo and in vitro.

Keywords
Alginate; Hydrogel; Microsphere; Chemokine; Chemotaxis; Leukocyte
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 21, July 2011, Pages 4903–4913
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us