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Electroporation-mediated transfer of Runx2 and Osterix genes to enhance osteogenesis of adipose stem cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7581 557 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Electroporation-mediated transfer of Runx2 and Osterix genes to enhance osteogenesis of adipose stem cells
Abstract

In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that electroporation-mediated transfer of Runx2, Osterix, or both genes enhances the in vitro and in vivo osteogenesis from adipose stem cells (ASCs). ASCs were transfected with Runx2, Osterix, or both genes using electroporation, and further cultured in monolayer or in PLGA scaffold under osteogenic medium for 14 days, then analyzed for in vitro osteogenic differentiation. Transfected ASC-PLGA scaffold hybrids were also implanted on nude mice to test for in vivo ectopic bone formation. Runx2 and Osterix genes were strongly expressed in ASCs transfected with each gene on day 7, decreasing rapidly on day 14. Runx2 protein was strongly expressed in ASCs transfected with the Runx2 gene, while Osterix protein was strongly expressed in ASCs transfected with either or both Runx2 and Osterix genes. Overexpression of Runx2 and Osterix significantly increased the gene expression of osteogenic differentiation markers (alkaline phosphatase [ALP], osteocalcin [OCN], type I collagen [COL1A1], and bone sialoprotein [BSP]) in ASCs. Transfection of Runx2 and Osterix genes enhanced the protein expression of OCN, type I collagen, and BSP, as demonstrated by Western blot analysis, and ALP activity as well as enhancing mineralization in the monolayer culture and ASC-PLGA scaffold hybrids. Runx2- or Osterix-transfected ASC-PLGA scaffold hybrids promoted bone formation in nude mice after 6 weeks of in vivo implantation.

Keywords
Runx2; Osterix; Gene transfer; Adipose stem cells; Osteogenesis
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Electroporation-mediated transfer of Runx2 and Osterix genes to enhance osteogenesis of adipose stem cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 3, January 2011, Pages 760–768
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us